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Pharaoh Tut died of Malaria

KOMPAS.com – King Tut pharaoh practically is the most popular. Scientists are trying to figure out why he died young. One of the allegations that emerged was that King Tut died of malaria and bone disorder, that results from DNA analysis of the latest mummy.

Pharaoh pharaoh Tutankhamun is the most popular. He is part of the 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt, which lasted roughly from 1550-1295 BC. Young pharaoh died on the ninth year of his reign, around 1324 BC, at the age of 19 years.

Because Tutankhamun died young and had no heirs, so emerged much speculation about his death, including about the disease declined in the royal family.

DNA analysis of the latest mummy to try to detect signs of illness – whether they are declining or not – that may cause the death of King Tut. DNA testing has also given more certainty about the identity and correlation of several previously discovered mummies, two of them suspected the parents of King Tut.

From the relics of the royal family predicted that in that period can be characterized by a rather kemayu or androgynous, aka his appearance was not clear whether male or female. Even suspected abnormalities gynecomastia, enlargement of breasts in men is usually caused by hormonal imbalances, and Marfan syndrome, that syndrome where sufferers have abnormal hands and feet in length, very slender fingers, and usually they also suffer from heart problems.

“But most of this diagnosis inferred from the observation of artefacts, and not by studying the remaining mummified royal family,” said a scientist who participated in the analysis.

Zahi Hawass, chairman of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, Egypt, and colleagues conducted a study to determine the correlation between the 11 royal mummies from the New Kingdom of Egypt, and also to find clues to the existence of a genetically inherited disease, transmitted, or caused by blood relations .

The researchers are also looking for evidence of cause of death of Tutankhamun. A number of other researchers could hypothesize that death due to injury, septicemia (bloodstream infection), or fat embolism (release of fat into the arteries) after the occurrence of bone damage, even perhaps because killed by a blow on the back of the head, or was poisoned.

Since September 2007 until October 2009, royal mummies were thoroughly investigated anthropologically, radiological, and genetics. DNA taken two to four times for each mummy. Results of the analysis show, apparently found no signs of gynecomastia or Marfan syndrome.

“The portrayal of people in the art in the Amarna period is a style that was ordered by his own nobles, probably because of the religious rule of Akhenaten (who were believed to be Tut’s father),” said the researchers.

“It is hardly possible when Akhenaten Tutankhamun or have a look too feminine. It must be remembered that the ancient Egyptian kings and their families are usually depicted with a style that in-‘ideal’ about,” he added.

But the researchers did find a number of DNA’s physical awkwardness in Tutankhamun’s family. “Some of the disorders diagnosed at the Tutankhamun, including abnormalities Kohler (bone disorder); but gaffe-gaffe was not fatal.”

Former genetic causes of malaria parasites found in some mummies, including the mummy of King Tut. Genetic research, it gives an indication that there is malaria, as well as to the condition of the body that causes blood shortage in the bone, so the part of certain bones become damaged. Bone damage that killed King Tut.

“Suffered paralysis and malaria is evident from the discovery of Tutankhamun’s wand and the supply of drugs at his tomb,” the researchers said.

It must be remembered that the Egyptians were inclined to believe that the goods in the graves will be used in the next life. Scientists also suspect that perhaps the king had fallen so suddenly broken leg, so that the king’s condition became critical, and coupled with malaria infection. This discovery was published in the journal of the American Medical Association February 17 edition.

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